Document Type : Original Research Manuscripts


Ph.D. Candidate in Statistics, Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Baltimore County, Maryland.


Purpose: The aim of the current research is to plan virtual learning lessons based on Acker's model. Virtual education is generally the use of web and internet technologies in education to realize effective learning. E-learning is one of these ways of providing higher education for its applicants, which has received a lot of attention today due to the increase in demand.
Method: In this research, the research synthesis method with a qualitative approach has been used to examine the articles in the field of curriculum planning and e-learning. 30 articles were reviewed and coded in Nvivo software. Finally, an electronic learning model is proposed based on the 10 elements of Ecker's educational planning.
Finding: Based on the obtained results, the most important aspect of e-learning is to bring the classroom time to life for the teacher; therefore, it increases the engagement of learners with the content, improves the interaction between the instructor and the learner, and enhances learning.
Conclusion: In a general view, in this method, the preparation and role of the teacher to implement this method are more difficult and time-consuming than the traditional method; However, the instructor has freedom of action in adopting the implementation methods of this method and according to the facilities, purpose, type of content and audience level, he can use all kinds of teaching-learning activities; In addition, there are obstacles in this approach, such as the universal commitment to accept the responsibility of learning, the type and quality of interactions, and the readiness to face educational materials.